The report begins with an introduction of different types of fertilizers produced in India categorized as organic, bio and chemical fertilizers. Chemical fertilizer is the focus of the report, which also includes water soluble fertilizers. The market overview section provides details about the domestic fertilizer production, consumption, demand and import levels. The production overview section entails production of fertilizers both nutrient-wise, as well as product-wise, while the consumption overview section includes nutrient-wise and zone-wise consumption of fertilizers. India’s fertilizer consumption has grown at a CAGR of 6.9% from 2006-07 to 2009-10. The demand overview section provides a clear idea about the demand-supply situation of the fertilizer market, including product-wise demand, availability and sales of fertilizers in the country. The import overview section comprises product-wise import of fertilizers along with the installed capacity of fertilizers both nutrient-wise, as well as product-wise.
Furthermore, the report provides a detailed description of the fertilizer sales in South Zone covering states such as Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Pondicherry and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka are the key sales hub in Southern India. Porter’s Five Forces analysis depicts an overall market scenario.
A brief description of the drivers that helps the sector to prosper includes large subsidies, capitalization of opportunity presented by low consumption, increase in food grain production and appropriate monsoon. Cost of production of fertilizers is high owing to its inputs like naptha or even natural gas. Fertilizers manufacturing is a tedious process that usually ends up having high costs. In order to prevent reduced profitability due to high input costs, players hike prices transferring the increased cost burden to end consumers. This has a negative impact on the domestic fertilizer market as small farmers face acute affordability issues. The Indian Government witnessed this trend and offered large subsidies to the players in a bid to keep the prices moderate and result in off-takes. It has insulated the farmers from price hikes even in times of price rise in raw materials thereby keeping it more within the reach of them. Even though India has witnessed a rise in fertilizer consumption over the period of time, it is still low against the global average. Countries including China, Malaysia and Bangladesh rank above India in terms of fertilizer consumption. Low usage poses as opportunity that can be capitalized by the players both from the perspective of production and consumption. Fertilizers find its usage in enhancing food productivity and thereby as food grain production increases, fertilizers also witness an upward movement. Finally, good monsoon acts as a potential stimulant for the growth of the sector. As agriculture in India is predominantly monsoon dependent, good spells of rainfall gets translated into higher usage of fertilizers with the purpose of enhancing crop yields. Whereas, factors identified as a hindrance to the market include increased prices of raw materials, price hike in natural gas and environmental degradation by fertilizers.
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Fertilizers Market in India 2012
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