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Advanced Packaging : 3D Silicon and Glass Interposers

Reort On  3D Silicon and Glass Interposers

Why and how 2.5D integration will impact more than 15% of the IC substrate business by 2017

After meeting with swift commercial success on a few initial applications, including MEMS, sensors and power amplifiers, 3D integration has been on everyone’s mind for the past five years. However, once the initial euphoria faded, and despite technical developments which assured most observers that mass adoption of 3D was not out of reach, some unanticipated technical and supply chain hurdles were revealed that were higher than anticipated. It was then that 2.5D integration by means of 3D glass or silicon interposers was revealed by experts as a necessary stepping-stone to full 3D integration. Our first report on 3D interposers and 2.5D integration was in 2010; at that time, we listed the various applications of this technology trend and its drivers, and we showed that glass and silicon interposers were expected to become high-volume necessities, rather than just high-performance solutions for a few niche applications.

In this 2012 edition of that report, we provide more evidence of our findings from two years ago: after refining the applications and drivers of 3D interposers and 2.5D integration with the use of detailed forecasts, Yole Développement estimates that far from being a stepping-stone technology to full 3D integration, 3D interposers and 2.5D integration is emerging as a mass volume, long-lasting trend in the semiconductor industry. Silicon and Glass Interposers

Glass & silicon 2.5D interposers are already a commercial reality in MEMS, Analog, RF & LED applications on 150mm / 200mm, supported by the relatively ‘exotic’ infrastructures of MEMS players such as IMT-MEMS, Silex Microsystems, DNP, and DALSA / Teledyne, and structured glass substrate suppliers like HOYA, PlanOptik, NEC / Schott, and tecnisco. On 300mm, the infrastructure and market for 2.5D/3D interposers has hardly emerged as of 2012, but nevertheless we expect that in 2017, over 2 million 300mm wafers will be produced in that year alone. We also expect that the silicon or glass type of 2.5D interposer substrate will impact more than 16% of the traditionally ‘organic-made’ IC package substrate business by 2017, with almost $1.6B revenues generated by then.

As technology developments progress, the industry will discover clear advantages to using 2.5D interposers for new applications and supply chain possibilities. Throughout this 2012 report, we detail these new lead applications, as well as the relevant needs and challenges.

Also, we show evidence that this emerging infrastructure, which was initially focused on MEMS and sensors, is shifting paradigms to logic modules driven by stringent electrical and thermal performance requirements. As a result, the demand for interposers is shifting to fine-pitch 300mm diameter silicon wafers and high-accuracy flip chip micro-bumping and assembly.

Graphical Processor Units for gaming and computing and high-performance ASICs and FPGAs are paving the way, with high volumes first expected in 2013. As these drivers increasingly appear as must-haves to serve the ever-increasing need for larger electrical bandwidths imposed by graphical sophistication, cloud computing and many more end uses, leading companies are busy creating the appropriate infrastructure.

The semiconductor supply chain is adapting to these significant in substrate technologies.

Wafer foundries appear to be the most able entities to offer manufacturing solutions on the open market, both technically and in terms of capex investment capabilities. But their ambition extends far beyond the manufacturing of wafers, and into assembly and test services as well.

Concurrently, some of the major IDMs are preparing to exploit their wide capabilities and to enter the open foundry and assembly services side for 2.5D and 3D integration based on such new type of IC package substrate technologies.

Significant investments began in 2012, with more than $150M capex expected and driven by both wafer foundries (TSMC, Global Foundries) and OSATs (Amkor, ASE). No one, especially in Taiwan, wants to be left behind in this high-growth story, as it clearly appears to be a central piece of the increasing middle-end business and infrastructure, halfway between the front-end silicon foundries and the back-end assembly & test facilities.

The question now is: “can anyone build a profitable business case to support the growth of 2.5D/3D interposers”? In other words, how long will it take for investing companies to be paid back, while offering affordable prices to their customers? Yole expects the expansion model of this new technology trend to follow a traditional path: first, high-value modules are expected to use the technology to offer unprecedented high performance, followed by higher volume applications.

The nice thing about 2.5D interposers is that they do not only allow for unprecedented performance: they can do so for a much lower cost than any competing technology. Through a few cost cases in this report, we demonstrate that cost can be a strong adoption driver too. No, silicon and glass interposers are not “additional dead pieces of hardware in the package” — on the contrary, they are among the top five key elements of the semiconductor roadmap for the decade 2010-2020.

Detailed view, by product and device type, of the key applications driving the commercialization of 2.5D interposer substrates
Detailed 2011 – 2017 market forecast in both unit and wafer shipments, including a revenues analysis of Middle-end to Back-end assembly & test-related activities
Overview of the positioning of different key players, and an understanding of supply chain challenges happening between the different business models in place
Technology trends & roadmaps, including the topic of glass interposers and the possible move to large PANEL area processing, leveraging LCD or PCB infrastructures
Detailed cost structure of several different 2.5D interposer packages: system-level evaluation of several different case scenarios, analyzing the expected cost decrease trend over five years
Analysis of the required investment in terms of capex between 2011 – 2017

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MEMS : Gyroscopes and IMUs for Defense, Aerospace & Industrial

Reort On  Defense Aerspaces & Industrial

Inertial Measurements Units (IMUs) is a large industry traditionally dominated by defense and aerospace applications. 2011 was a stable year for IMUs with a market size of $1.75B.

We expect more dynamic growth in this market near term because of two factors:

In the defense and aerospace sectors: though the markets in the U.S. and Europe are best described as conservative and mature, many new programs are being launched in Asia, Brazil, and the Middle East.
Many new applications are fueling the growth of the IMU market, benefiting from significant technology evolutions, such as the continuous improvement of MEMS IMUs.

The IMU market is very concentrated; only a few big companies are dominant. Honeywell, Northrop Grumman and Sagem are the clear leaders, but many newcomers are coming in to play, looking to enter the market with low-cost MEMS-based products and a different approach to how things are done.

High-performance inertial sensors and systems is a dynamic market segment, as an ever-increasing number of platforms require stabilization, guidance or navigation functions. The 2011 market for high-performance gyroscopes was estimated at $1.29B, growing at a 4.3% annual rate, and is expected to reach $1.66B in 2017. Defense Industrial

However, this growth will not be global. Indeed, the most attractive opportunities will be concentrated in a select few applications, geographies or technologies:

Defense applications still account for half of the market and most players expect this to remain about the same, as budget cuts made in the U.S. and Europe will be partially compensated by strong demand in Asia.
Commercial aerospace represents close to 25% of the market. After a period of stability, an increasing number of business jet, helicopter and civil aircraft orders will drive renewed inertial systems growth, starting in 2013.
The remainder of the market (composed primarily of industrial, naval and offshore applications) will be the most dynamic area. While it will take time to adopt new technol-ogies in the more conservative areas, new industrial applications are appearing with each passing day, benefiting from the increasing availability of low-cost inertial solutions.

This report describes in detail each application in terms of market size, competitive analysis, technical requirements, technology trends and business drivers.

Currently, optical gyroscope technologies still dominate the market by a wide margin. In particular, Ring Laser Gyroscopes (RLGs) are largely used in navigation systems and tactical guidance; one example is the Honeywell HG1700 IMU.

Although RLGs will be robust for high-performance, Yole Developpement expects two other technologies to make a large contribution to 2011-2017 growth: Fiber Optic Gyroscopes (FOGs), which are currently very popular for stabilization applications, and should rapidly progress to eventually replace other navigation technologies; and MEMS technology, which will have the largest impact on the industry.

New applications are enabled by low-cost MEMS sensors, and when it comes to tactical grade applications, a lot of progress has been achieved in just the past few years in terms of reliability. MEMS are now accepted in high-reliability environments, and are even starting to replace FOGs and other technologies in tactical applications. Of course, other technologies must be considered as well: Hemispheric Resonant Gyroscopes (HRGs) are making progress and are now designed for navigation; Coriolis vibrating piezo gyroscopes are finding increasing success in a large variety of end-markets while new disruptive gyro technologies are still in lab-phase; and finally, DTG and other mechanical gyro technologies are still used in some retrofit systems for 2-axis stabilization systems or for gyrocompass, but this trend points to a decline.

Many factors are shaping tomorrow’s competitive landscape: technology capabilities, products’ maturity level, geography, value chain, and others. As such, competition trends are carefully analyzed in this report. Honeywell is still the global leader by far, with great success in RLG-based systems and successful deployment of MEMS technology. Northrop Grumman, Sagem and other market leaders are next on the list with a variety of technologies and new product lines that should have big market impact. Newcomers will play a role as well, from startup companies developing disruptive sensors, to MEMS manufacturers, IMU integrators and large end-users willing to pursue internal inertial technologies.

This report highlights market share analysis by application field and technology, as well as global company shipments and technology breakdown.

Topic: Gyroscopes, Accelerometers, IMUs
Gyroscope technologies: Si/Quartz MEMS, FOG, RLG, DTG, other mechanical/vibrating gyros, HRG & emerging high-perf technologies
Accelerometer technologies: MEMS, Electromechanical, piezo & others
26 applications analyzed:
8 Industrial / Medical / Commercial Naval / Offshore segments
6 Commercial Aerospace segments
12 Defense segments
Historic data and forecasts – worldwide market metrics: 2010 – 2017 ($M, M units, ASP)
2011 market share and company shipments
Performance level: industrial, tactical, short-term navigation, high-end navigation and strategic grade
300+ sensor manufacturer and integrator companies are quoted in this report
Report is a PowerPoint presentation consisting of more than 280 slides
Includes Excel spreadsheets with main market data

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China Construction Market

China Construction Curtain Wall Industry Report, 2011-2012

The construction curtain wall industry is an important branch of the building decoration industry. In recent years, under the backdrop of rapid development of Chinese construction industry, China’s construction curtain wall output and output value have maintained rapid growth. In 2011, the total output reached 91.3 million square meters, up 10.0% from a year earlier; and the output value got to RMB167.9 billion, rising 11.9% year-on-year, ranking first in the world.

After experiencing the previous extensive development stage, the curtain wall industry of China characterizes the followings:

Industry concentration degree increases gradually, and market competition pattern becomes stable.
During 2006-2011, in Chinese construction curtain wall industry, the output value of top 50 enterprises enjoyed a rising proportion from 20.5% to 59.6%. Meanwhile, in Chinese construction curtain wall market, Jangho and Yuanda became tycoons; more than 50 large-scale curtain wall enterprises play main roles, while numerous firms play supporting roles.

Curtain wall capacity is transferred to central and western regions of China.
During 2009-2010, the proportion of the output value in central and western regions of top 50 companies rose from 20.00% to 22.37%.

PV curtain wall becomes new investment hotspots.
At present, photovoltaic construction curtain walls are the future development priorities for most companies, and they have begun to set up photovoltaic curtain wall production lines, even some ones have transformed into professional photovoltaic curtain wall manufacturers.

The demand for residential curtain walls is potentially huge.
In Chinese curtain wall consumer market, the housing market accounts for less than 4%, far lower than 20% in the developed nations, thus with vast room for the growth of Chinese residential curtain wall market.

The Middle East market is becoming saturated, while the markets in Europe and the United States become the focuses.
Chinese curtain wall companies boasted more than 50% share in the Middle East market in 2010, and it is hard to further raise the market share there. To further explore the international market, Yuanda, Jangho and other leading giants have started to make their efforts to tap into European market.

This report not only analyzes the status quo of Chinese construction curtain wall industry, but also studies 10 Chinese companies (Yuanda China, Jangho, Zhongnan, Keyuan, Shenzhen Sanxin, etc.) as well as five international tycoons (Permasteelisa, SCHUCO, YKK, Apogee, and Far East Global Group).

In 2011, Yuanda continued to give priority to the exploration of domestic and international markets. China’s central and western regions, Europe and the United States became the company’s revenue growth engines. To degrade the raw material price sensitivity, the company cooperated with Saint-Gobain and SAPA to get involved in glass and aluminum materials business and advance towards the upstream industrial chain.

Jangho acquired Chengda international in May 2012 to access into the field of interior decoration, transferring from a professional curtain wall engineering contractor to an indoor and outdoor decoration contractor. Zhongnan has been engrossed in BIPV in recent years, transferring from a traditional curtain wall manufacturer to a veteran PV curtain wall manufacturer.

International curtain wall giant Permasteelisa Group achieved the revenue of EUR989 million in 2009, down 13% year on year. In 2011, the company was acquired by JS Group Corp which is a well-known Japanese building materials company. Then, Permasteelisa Group quitted from the market in Italy.

Japan YKK and USA Apogee saw significant decline in the economic crisis. In 2011, their performance rebounded. In the same year, YKK gained the revenue of JPY308.4 billion from building materials business, up 2.2% year on year; and the revenue of Apogee amounted to USD662 million, a 13.7% YoY rise.

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China Construction Market

China Refueling Station Industry Report 2011-2012

In 2011, there are more than 1,400 natural gas vehicle refueling stations in over 80 cities throughout 30 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities of China. LNG refueling stations have attracted the greatest attention, of which skid-mounted ones have achieved the rapidest development. In 2011, the number of skid-mounted LNG refueling stations reached 330 in China.

Since 2010, most regions in Chinese mainland have sped up the construction of natural gas refueling stations. For instance, Xinjiang will build up 464 refueling stations, 1 reserve depot, 1 peak-shaving station, 8 LNG plants and 10 CNG primary fueling stations in 2010-2015.

When it comes to refueling station operators, CNPC, Sinopec and CNOOC, China’s three oil giants, are accelerating their expansion. CNPC plans to set up 126 LNG refueling stations in Henan Province, 122 LNG refueling stations along the “five vertical and three horizontal” national and provincial highways and 720 LNG refueling stations in Shandong Province by the end of 2015. CNOOC plans to complete the construction of 1,000 LNG refueling stations in 2011-2015.

In terms of refueling station constructors, domestic enterprises have developed rapidly in the past two years. Presently, Zhangjiagang Furui Special Equipment, Chengdu Huaqi Houpu Machine Electricity Technology and Yantai Jereh Oilfield Services Group have witnessed significant growth in the market share of their products, but they still rely on imports for some key equipment. Foreign-funded companies such as Chart Industries have boosted their layout in Chinese mainland since 2005, and by virtue of high product quality and strong after-sales support, their product prices are higher than those of domestic enterprises.

It is in the report that covers the followings:

1. Analysis and forecast of overall size and market segment size of Chinese filling station industry;
2. Analysis and forecast of market competition, costs and demand of refueling station industry in China;
3. Analysis of operating status, development planning and key projects of refueling station industry in major regions of China;
4. Analysis of operation and refueling station construction business of major refueling station constructors in China;
5. Analysis of operation, refueling station projects and development planning of main refueling station operators in China.

Furui Special Equipment: At the end of 2008, the company reached a cooperative framework agreement with Xinjiang Guanghui, according to which, the latter will purchase at least 3,000 sets of LNG vehicle cylinders and gas supply systems, and 20 sets of skid-mounted refueling stations from the former every year. In late 2009, the company concluded a cooperative framework agreement with CNPC Kunming Sales Branch to set up 51 refueling stations in Kunming before December 2012.

ENN Energy: In 2011, the company built up and operated a total of 46 natural gas vehicle refueling stations, including 27 CNG refueling stations and 19 LNG refueling stations. As of 2011, the company had set up 238 vehicle refueling stations in 59 cities of China, including 20 cities where it has no urban gas projects.

Xinjiang Guanghui: The company has set up 75 refueling stations in Xinjiang, Gansu and Ningxia, etc., is constructing 8 refueling stations and plans to build 52 refueling stations. In 2011, the fueling volume of the company’s refueling stations totaled 95.057 million cubic meters.

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China Refueling Station Industry Report 2011-2012

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Market Growth Outlook in the Power Industry – 2012-2013


• Analysis of opinions drawn from leading power industry executives.
• Analysis of market growth practices.
• Analysis of the demand in emerging markets and growth expectations in developed countries.

This report is the result of an extensive survey drawn from ICD Research’s exclusive panel of leading power industry executives. It analyzes how demand and growth expectations are set to change in the power industry in 2012–13. The report also provides access to information categorized by company type, company turnover, buyer, supplier and region.


• The opinions and forward looking statements of 330 industry executives have been captured in our in-depth survey, of which 29% represent Director and C-level respondents.
• The research is based on primary survey research conducted by ICD Research accessing its B2B panels comprised of senior purchase decision makers and leading supplier organizations.
• The geographical scope of the research is global – drawing on the activity and expectations of leading industry players across the Americas, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Africa and Middle East.
• This report covers data and analysis on demand in emerging markets and growth expectations in developed countries.

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Market Growth Outlook in the Power Industry – 2012-2013

World Subsea Hardware Market

The World Subsea Hardware Market Forecast 2012-2016

“NEW report style with enhanced analysis and speed-read summaries of key points throughout”

Expenditure of almost $135 billion is forecast over the next five years on subsea hardware; an increase of 14% over the preceding five-year period. The ‘Golden Triangle’ of subsea will continue to dominate upstream hardware expenditure, West Africa, GoM and Brazil, with Africa remaining the largest market. Growth offshore Brazil is driven directly by Petrobras’ long-term deepwater and ultra-deepwater strategy.

Deepwater hardware expenditure is forecast to grow considerably over the next five years. Developments in water depths greater than 500 metres will account for over half of the total forecast market spend; illustrating the increasing importance of harder-to-produce reserves.

The World Subsea Hardware Market Forecast 2012-2016 contains:

  • Field prospect data – analysis driven by identified fields/prospects in the DW subsea database. Historic and forecast component and expenditure breakdowns are included for Africa, Asia, Australasia, Eastern Europe & FSU, Latin America, Middle East, North America, Norway, UK and Rest of Western Europe.
  • Regional forecasts – detailed by subsea production (trees, control systems, templates & manifolds, flying leads & jumpers), SURF (rigid & flexible flowlines, risers, steel & thermoplastic umbilicals) and pipelines (trunklines).
  • Enhanced analysis – throughout the report new ‘speed-read’ sections summarising and explaining key points giving an enriching reader experience and understanding.
  • Drivers, trends & themes – primary and secondary drivers for subsea field developments are explained, with an overview of market sector trends & themes, production options and the development of the sector.
  • Supply chain – trends, main suppliers and competitive landscape analysis.
  • Concise Report Layout – industry background and supporting materials condensed to enable quick review.

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World Subsea Hardware Market

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Israeli Defense Industry – Opportunities, Entry Strategies, Analyses and Forecasts to 2017

HTML clipboardIntroduction and Landscape
Why was the report written?
The Israeli Defense Industry Market Opportunities and Entry Strategies, Analyses and Forecasts to 2017 offers the reader insights into the market opportunities and entry strategies adopted by foreign original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) to gain market share in the Israeli defense industry.

What is the current market landscape and what is changing?
Israel is one of the largest defense markets in the Middle East and also has one of the largest per capita defense expenditures in the world of US$1711 in 2012. Moreover, the per capita defense expenditure is forecast continue to grow due to both internal and external security threats in the country. Israel is also set to receive US$20.1 billion worth of military aid from the US to spend on military hardware during the forecast period. Overall, Israel is projected to spend a total of US$28.39 billion on the acquisition of military hardware between 2013 and 2017.

What are the key drivers behind recent market changes?
During the forecast period, the Israeli defense budget is expected to grow at a CAGR of 2.97% to reflect the security threats posed by Iran and Syria, hostility from neighboring countries, and Israel’s inadequate troop size as a result of the country’s small population. During the same period, military aid from the US will continue to increase the spending power of the country. Between 2013 and 2017, Israel is expected to accelerate its defense procurement plans to prepare for potential confrontations with Iran or Syria.

What makes this report unique and essential to read?
The Israeli Defense Industry Market Opportunities and Entry Strategies, Analyses and Forecasts to 2017 provides detailed analysis of the current industry size and growth expectations from 2012 to 2017, including highlights of key growth stimulators. It also benchmarks the industry against key global markets and provides a detailed understanding of emerging opportunities in specific areas.

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Fax: + 91 22 27812290
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